• Codeby web-security - Курс "Тестирование Веб-Приложений на проникновение с нуля" от команды codeby. Общая теория, подготовка рабочего окружения, пассивный фаззинг и фингерпринт, Активный фаззинг, Уязвимости, Пост-эксплуатация, Инструментальные средства, Social Engeneering и многое другое. Подробнее ...

  • Мобильный клиент нашего форума для Android гаджетов доступен в Google Play Market по этой ссылке. Клиент можно скачать с нашего форума по этой ссылке. Последняя версия МК в нашем телеграм канале вот здесь. Мобильный клиент для IOS находится в itunes по этой ссылке

Статья [Черновик] Повышение привилегий в Windows

rain.seller

Active member
14.02.2018
34
37
#1
Данная статья является свободным переводом
Для просмотра контента необходимо: Войти или зарегистрироваться


Ресурсы с которыми стоит ознакомится:
Энциклопедия Windows Privilege Escalation (Бретт Мур)
Windows Attacks: AT - новый черный (Chris Gates & Rob Fuller)
Для просмотра контента необходимо: Войти или зарегистрироваться


СБОР ИНФОРМАЦИИ
Изначально у нас есть доступ к оболочке shell от непривилегированного пользователя. Способ получения этой оболочки здесь приведен не будет, пути получения этой оболочки могут быть разными.
При получении доступа к оболочке shell необходимо собрать начальные данные для понимания что из представляет машина, какие функции она выполняет, размещение в сети и привилегии доступа данной оболочки.

Для начала определим версию OS:
Код:
C:\Windows\system32> systeminfo | findstr /B /C:"OS Name" /C:"OS Version"

OS Name:                   Microsoft Windows 7 Professional
OS Version:                6.1.7601 Service Pack 1 Build 7601

Имя хоста и пользователя, на который мы подключены:
Код:
C:\Windows\system32> hostname
b33f

C:\Windows\system32> echo %username%
user1

Теперь посмотрим базовую информацию о пользователя и их привелегиях. С вывода, ниже, можно понять, что пользователь user1 не является администраторм.
Код:
C:\Windows\system32> net users

User accounts for \\B33F
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Administrator            b33f                     Guest
user1
The command completed successfully.


C:\Windows\system32> net user user1
User name                    user1
Full Name
Comment
User's comment
Country code                 000 (System Default)
Account active               Yes
Account expires              Never

Password last set            1/11/2014 7:47:14 PM
Password expires             Never
Password changeable          1/11/2014 7:47:14 PM
Password required            Yes
User may change password     Yes

Workstations allowed         All
Logon script
User profile
Home directory
Last logon                   1/11/2014 8:05:09 PM

Logon hours allowed          All

Local Group Memberships      *Users
Global Group memberships     *None
The command completed successfully.

Базовую информацию о пользователях и их привелегиях мы узнали.

Теперь посмотрим на сетевые подключения и таблицу маршрутизации:
Код:
C:\Windows\system32> ipconfig /all
Windows IP Configuration

   Host Name . . . . . . . . . . . . : b33f
   Primary Dns Suffix  . . . . . . . :
   Node Type . . . . . . . . . . . . : Hybrid
   IP Routing Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
   WINS Proxy Enabled. . . . . . . . : No

Ethernet adapter Bluetooth Network Connection:
   Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Bluetooth Device (Personal Area Network)
   Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 0C-84-DC-62-60-29
   DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
   Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes

Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Intel(R) PRO/1000 MT Network Connection
   Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-0C-29-56-79-35
   DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
   Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
   Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : fe80::5cd4:9caf:61c0:ba6e%11(Preferred)
   IPv4 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.104(Preferred)
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Lease Obtained. . . . . . . . . . : Saturday, January 11, 2014 3:53:55 PM
   Lease Expires . . . . . . . . . . : Sunday, January 12, 2014 3:53:55 PM
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1
   DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1
   DHCPv6 IAID . . . . . . . . . . . : 234884137
   DHCPv6 Client DUID. . . . . . . . : 00-01-00-01-18-14-24-1D-00-0C-29-56-79-35
   DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1
   NetBIOS over Tcpip. . . . . . . . : Enabled


C:\Windows\system32> route print
===========================================================================
Interface List
18...0c 84 dc 62 60 29 ......Bluetooth Device (Personal Area Network)
13...00 ff 0c 0d 4f ed ......TAP-Windows Adapter V9
11...00 0c 29 56 79 35 ......Intel(R) PRO/1000 MT Network Connection
  1...........................Software Loopback Interface 1
16...00 00 00 00 00 00 00 e0 Microsoft ISATAP Adapter
15...00 00 00 00 00 00 00 e0 Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #2
19...00 00 00 00 00 00 00 e0 Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #3
14...00 00 00 00 00 00 00 e0 Teredo Tunneling Pseudo-Interface
===========================================================================

IPv4 Route Table
===========================================================================
Active Routes:
Network Destination        Netmask          Gateway       Interface  Metric
          0.0.0.0          0.0.0.0      192.168.0.1    192.168.0.104     10
        127.0.0.0        255.0.0.0         On-link         127.0.0.1    306
        127.0.0.1  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    306
  127.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    306
      192.168.0.0    255.255.255.0         On-link     192.168.0.104    266
    192.168.0.104  255.255.255.255         On-link     192.168.0.104    266
    192.168.0.255  255.255.255.255         On-link     192.168.0.104    266
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link         127.0.0.1    306
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link     192.168.0.104    266
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    306
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link     192.168.0.104    266
===========================================================================
Persistent Routes:
  None

IPv6 Route Table
===========================================================================
Active Routes:
If Metric Network Destination      Gateway
14     58 ::/0                     On-link
  1    306 ::1/128                  On-link
14     58 2001::/32                On-link
14    306 2001:0:5ef5:79fb:8d2:b4e:3f57:ff97/128
                                    On-link
11    266 fe80::/64                On-link
14    306 fe80::/64                On-link
14    306 fe80::8d2:b4e:3f57:ff97/128
                                    On-link
11    266 fe80::5cd4:9caf:61c0:ba6e/128
                                    On-link
  1    306 ff00::/8                 On-link
14    306 ff00::/8                 On-link
11    266 ff00::/8                 On-link
===========================================================================
Persistent Routes:
  None

# arp -A displays the ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) cache table for all available interfaces.


C:\Windows\system32> arp -A
Interface: 192.168.0.104 --- 0xb
  Internet Address      Physical Address      Type
  192.168.0.1           90-94-e4-c5-b0-46     dynamic
  192.168.0.101         ac-22-0b-af-bb-43     dynamic
  192.168.0.255         ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff     static
  224.0.0.22            01-00-5e-00-00-16     static
  224.0.0.251           01-00-5e-00-00-fb     static
  224.0.0.252           01-00-5e-00-00-fc     static
  239.255.255.250       01-00-5e-7f-ff-fa     static
  255.255.255.255       ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff     static

Теперь смотрим на активные сетевые соединения и правила брандмауэра.
Код:
C:\Windows\system32> netstat -ano
Active Connections
  Proto  Local Address          Foreign Address        State           PID
  TCP    0.0.0.0:135            0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING       684
  TCP    0.0.0.0:445            0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING       4
  TCP    0.0.0.0:5357           0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING       4
  TCP    127.0.0.1:5354         0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING       1400
  TCP    192.168.0.104:139      0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING       4
  TCP    [::]:135               [::]:0                 LISTENING       684
  TCP    [::]:445               [::]:0                 LISTENING       4
  TCP    [::]:5357              [::]:0                 LISTENING       4
  UDP    0.0.0.0:5355           *:*                                    1100
  UDP    0.0.0.0:52282          *:*                                    976
  UDP    0.0.0.0:55202          *:*                                    2956
  UDP    0.0.0.0:59797          *:*                                    1400
  UDP    127.0.0.1:1900         *:*                                    2956
  UDP    127.0.0.1:65435        *:*                                    2956
  UDP    192.168.0.104:137      *:*                                    4
  UDP    192.168.0.104:138      *:*                                    4
  UDP    192.168.0.104:1900     *:*                                    2956
  UDP    192.168.0.104:5353     *:*                                    1400
  UDP    192.168.0.104:65434    *:*                                    2956
  UDP    [::]:5355              *:*                                    1100
  UDP    [::]:52281             *:*                                    976
  UDP    [::]:52283             *:*                                    976
  UDP    [::]:55203             *:*                                    2956
  UDP    [::]:59798             *:*                                    1400
  UDP    [::1]:1900             *:*                                    2956
  UDP    [::1]:5353             *:*                                    1400
  UDP    [::1]:65433            *:*                                    2956
  UDP    [fe80::5cd4:9caf:61c0:ba6e%11]:1900  *:*                      2956
  UDP    [fe80::5cd4:9caf:61c0:ba6e%11]:65432  *:*                     2956

# The following two netsh commands are examples of commands that are not universal across OS/SP. The netsh
firewall commands are only available from XP SP2 and upwards.



C:\Windows\system32> netsh firewall show state
Firewall status:
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Profile                           = Standard
Operational mode                  = Enable
Exception mode                    = Enable
Multicast/broadcast response mode = Enable
Notification mode                 = Enable
Group policy version              = Windows Firewall
Remote admin mode                 = Disable

Ports currently open on all network interfaces:
Port   Protocol  Version  Program
-------------------------------------------------------------------
No ports are currently open on all network interfaces.



C:\Windows\system32> netsh firewall show config
Domain profile configuration:
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Operational mode                  = Enable
Exception mode                    = Enable
Multicast/broadcast response mode = Enable
Notification mode                 = Enable

Allowed programs configuration for Domain profile:
Mode     Traffic direction    Name / Program
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Port configuration for Domain profile:
Port   Protocol  Mode    Traffic direction     Name
-------------------------------------------------------------------

ICMP configuration for Domain profile:
Mode     Type  Description
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Enable   2     Allow outbound packet too big

Standard profile configuration (current):
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Operational mode                  = Enable
Exception mode                    = Enable
Multicast/broadcast response mode = Enable
Notification mode                 = Enable

Service configuration for Standard profile:
Mode     Customized  Name
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Enable   No          Network Discovery

Allowed programs configuration for Standard profile:
Mode     Traffic direction    Name / Program
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Enable   Inbound              COMRaider / E:\comraider\comraider.exe
Enable   Inbound              nc.exe / C:\users\b33f\desktop\nc.exe

Port configuration for Standard profile:
Port   Protocol  Mode    Traffic direction     Name
-------------------------------------------------------------------

ICMP configuration for Standard profile:
Mode     Type  Description
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Enable   2     Allow outbound packet too big

Log configuration:
-------------------------------------------------------------------
File location   = C:\Windows\system32\LogFiles\Firewall\pfirewall.log
Max file size   = 4096 KB
Dropped packets = Disable
Connections     = Disable

Теперь рассмотрим задачи в планировщике, запущенные процессы и службы и драйвера (В листинге приведен укороченный вариант вывода кажной из комманд):
Код:
C:\Windows\system32> schtasks /query /fo LIST /v
Folder: \Microsoft\Windows Defender
HostName:                             B33F
TaskName:                             \Microsoft\Windows Defender\MP Scheduled Scan
Next Run Time:                        1/22/2014 5:11:13 AM
Status:                               Ready
Logon Mode:                           Interactive/Background
Last Run Time:                        N/A
Last Result:                          1
Author:                               N/A
Task To Run:                          c:\program files\windows defender\MpCmdRun.exe Scan -ScheduleJob
                                      -WinTask -RestrictPrivilegesScan
Start In:                             N/A
Comment:                              Scheduled Scan
Scheduled Task State:                 Enabled
Idle Time:                            Only Start If Idle for 1 minutes, If Not Idle Retry For 240 minutes
Power Management:                     No Start On Batteries
Run As User:                          SYSTEM
Delete Task If Not Rescheduled:       Enabled
Stop Task If Runs X Hours and X Mins: 72:00:00
Schedule:                             Scheduling data is not available in this format.
Schedule Type:                        Daily
Start Time:                           5:11:13 AM
Start Date:                           1/1/2000
End Date:                             1/1/2100
Days:                                 Every 1 day(s)
Months:                               N/A
Repeat: Every:                        Disabled
Repeat: Until: Time:                  Disabled
Repeat: Until: Duration:              Disabled
Repeat: Stop If Still Running:        Disabled
[..Snip..]



C:\Windows\system32> tasklist /SVC
Image Name                     PID Services
========================= ======== ============================================
System Idle Process              0 N/A
System                           4 N/A
smss.exe                       244 N/A
csrss.exe                      332 N/A
csrss.exe                      372 N/A
wininit.exe                    380 N/A
winlogon.exe                   428 N/A
services.exe                   476 N/A
lsass.exe                      484 SamSs
lsm.exe                        496 N/A
svchost.exe                    588 DcomLaunch, PlugPlay, Power
svchost.exe                    668 RpcEptMapper, RpcSs
svchost.exe                    760 Audiosrv, Dhcp, eventlog,
                                   HomeGroupProvider, lmhosts, wscsvc
svchost.exe                    800 AudioEndpointBuilder, CscService, Netman,
                                   SysMain, TrkWks, UxSms, WdiSystemHost,
                                   wudfsvc
svchost.exe                    836 AeLookupSvc, BITS, gpsvc, iphlpsvc,
                                   LanmanServer, MMCSS, ProfSvc, Schedule,
                                   seclogon, SENS, ShellHWDetection, Themes,
                                   Winmgmt, wuauserv
audiodg.exe                    916 N/A
svchost.exe                    992 EventSystem, fdPHost, netprofm, nsi,
                                   WdiServiceHost, WinHttpAutoProxySvc
svchost.exe                   1104 CryptSvc, Dnscache, LanmanWorkstation,
                                   NlaSvc
spoolsv.exe                   1244 Spooler
svchost.exe                   1272 BFE, DPS, MpsSvc
mDNSResponder.exe             1400 Bonjour Service
taskhost.exe                  1504 N/A
taskeng.exe                   1556 N/A
vmtoolsd.exe                  1580 VMTools
dwm.exe                       1660 N/A
explorer.exe                  1668 N/A
vmware-usbarbitrator.exe      1768 VMUSBArbService
TPAutoConnSvc.exe             1712 TPAutoConnSvc
[..Snip..]



C:\Windows\system32> net start
These Windows services are started:

   Application Experience
   Application Information
   Background Intelligent Transfer Service
   Base Filtering Engine
   Bluetooth Support Service
   Bonjour Service
   COM+ Event System
   COM+ System Application
   Cryptographic Services
   DCOM Server Process Launcher
   Desktop Window Manager Session Manager
   DHCP Client
   Diagnostic Policy Service
   Diagnostic Service Host
   Diagnostic System Host
   Distributed Link Tracking Client
   Distributed Transaction Coordinator
   DNS Client
   Function Discovery Provider Host
   Function Discovery Resource Publication
   Group Policy Client
[..Snip..]



C:\Windows\system32> DRIVERQUERY
Module Name  Display Name           Driver Type   Link Date
============ ====================== ============= ======================
1394ohci     1394 OHCI Compliant Ho Kernel        11/20/2010 6:01:11 PM
ACPI         Microsoft ACPI Driver  Kernel        11/20/2010 4:37:52 PM
AcpiPmi      ACPI Power Meter Drive Kernel        11/20/2010 4:47:55 PM
adp94xx      adp94xx                Kernel        12/6/2008 7:59:55 AM
adpahci      adpahci                Kernel        5/2/2007 1:29:26 AM
adpu320      adpu320                Kernel        2/28/2007 8:03:08 AM
AFD          Ancillary Function Dri Kernel        11/20/2010 4:40:00 PM
agp440       Intel AGP Bus Filter   Kernel        7/14/2009 7:25:36 AM
aic78xx      aic78xx                Kernel        4/12/2006 8:20:11 AM
aliide       aliide                 Kernel        7/14/2009 7:11:17 AM
amdagp       AMD AGP Bus Filter Dri Kernel        7/14/2009 7:25:36 AM
amdide       amdide                 Kernel        7/14/2009 7:11:19 AM
AmdK8        AMD K8 Processor Drive Kernel        7/14/2009 7:11:03 AM
AmdPPM       AMD Processor Driver   Kernel        7/14/2009 7:11:03 AM
amdsata      amdsata                Kernel        3/19/2010 9:08:27 AM
amdsbs       amdsbs                 Kernel        3/21/2009 2:35:26 AM
amdxata      amdxata                Kernel        3/20/2010 12:19:01 AM
AppID        AppID Driver           Kernel        11/20/2010 5:29:48 PM
arc          arc                    Kernel        5/25/2007 5:31:06 AM
[..Snip..]

WMIC (Windows Management Instrumentation Command)
Используется для получения сведений об оборудовании и системе, управления процессами и их компонентами, а также изменения настроек с использованием возможностей инструментария управления Windows.

К сожалению, некоторые конфигурации Windows не позволяют получить доступ к WMIC, если пользователь не находится в группе "Администраторы". Из моего тестирования с VM я заметил, что любая версия XP не разрешает доступ к WMIC из низкоприоритетной учетной записи. Напротив, Windows 7 Professional и Windows 8 Enterprise позволили пользователям с низкими привилегиями использовать WMIC и запрашивать операционную систему без изменения каких-либо параметров. Это именно то, что нам нужно, поскольку мы используем WMIC для сбора информации о целевой машине.

Основные команды и параметры WMIC:
Код:
C:\Windows\system32> wmic /?

[global switches]
The following global switches are available:
/NAMESPACE           Path for the namespace the alias operate against.
/ROLE                Path for the role containing the alias definitions.
/NODE                Servers the alias will operate against.
/IMPLEVEL            Client impersonation level.
/AUTHLEVEL           Client authentication level.
/LOCALE              Language id the client should use.
/PRIVILEGES          Enable or disable all privileges.
/TRACE               Outputs debugging information to stderr.
/RECORD              Logs all input commands and output.
/INTERACTIVE         Sets or resets the interactive mode.
/FAILFAST            Sets or resets the FailFast mode.
/USER                User to be used during the session.
/PASSWORD            Password to be used for session login.
/OUTPUT              Specifies the mode for output redirection.
/APPEND              Specifies the mode for output redirection.
/AGGREGATE           Sets or resets aggregate mode.
/AUTHORITY           Specifies the  for the connection.
/?[:<BRIEF|FULL>]    Usage information.

For more information on a specific global switch, type: switch-name /?

The following alias/es are available in the current role:
ALIAS                    - Access to the aliases available on the local system
BASEBOARD                - Base board (also known as a motherboard or system board) management.
BIOS                     - Basic input/output services (BIOS) management.
BOOTCONFIG               - Boot configuration management.
CDROM                    - CD-ROM management.
COMPUTERSYSTEM           - Computer system management.
CPU                      - CPU management.
CSPRODUCT                - Computer system product information from SMBIOS.
DATAFILE                 - DataFile Management.
DCOMAPP                  - DCOM Application management.
DESKTOP                  - User's Desktop management.
DESKTOPMONITOR           - Desktop Monitor management.
DEVICEMEMORYADDRESS      - Device memory addresses management.
DISKDRIVE                - Physical disk drive management.
DISKQUOTA                - Disk space usage for NTFS volumes.
DMACHANNEL               - Direct memory access (DMA) channel management.
ENVIRONMENT              - System environment settings management.
FSDIR                    - Filesystem directory entry management.
GROUP                    - Group account management.
IDECONTROLLER            - IDE Controller management.
IRQ                      - Interrupt request line (IRQ) management.
JOB                      - Provides  access to the jobs scheduled using the schedule service.
LOADORDER                - Management of system services that define execution dependencies.
LOGICALDISK              - Local storage device management.
LOGON                    - LOGON Sessions.
MEMCACHE                 - Cache memory management.
MEMORYCHIP               - Memory chip information.
MEMPHYSICAL              - Computer system's physical memory management.
NETCLIENT                - Network Client management.
NETLOGIN                 - Network login information (of a particular user) management.
NETPROTOCOL              - Protocols (and their network characteristics) management.
NETUSE                   - Active network connection management.
NIC                      - Network Interface Controller (NIC) management.
NICCONFIG                - Network adapter management.
NTDOMAIN                 - NT Domain management.
NTEVENT                  - Entries in the NT Event Log.
NTEVENTLOG               - NT eventlog file management.
ONBOARDDEVICE            - Management of common adapter devices built into the motherboard (system board).
OS                       - Installed Operating System/s management.
PAGEFILE                 - Virtual memory file swapping management.
PAGEFILESET              - Page file settings management.
PARTITION                - Management of partitioned areas of a physical disk.
PORT                     - I/O port management.
PORTCONNECTOR            - Physical connection ports management.
PRINTER                  - Printer device management.
PRINTERCONFIG            - Printer device configuration management.
PRINTJOB                 - Print job management.
PROCESS                  - Process management.
PRODUCT                  - Installation package task management.
QFE                      - Quick Fix Engineering.
QUOTASETTING             - Setting information for disk quotas on a volume.
RDACCOUNT                - Remote Desktop connection permission management.
RDNIC                    - Remote Desktop connection management on a specific network adapter.
RDPERMISSIONS            - Permissions to a specific Remote Desktop connection.
RDTOGGLE                 - Turning Remote Desktop listener on or off remotely.
RECOVEROS                - Information that will be gathered from memory when the operating system fails.
REGISTRY                 - Computer system registry management.
SCSICONTROLLER           - SCSI Controller management.
SERVER                   - Server information management.
SERVICE                  - Service application management.
SHADOWCOPY               - Shadow copy management.
SHADOWSTORAGE            - Shadow copy storage area management.
SHARE                    - Shared resource management.
SOFTWAREELEMENT          - Management of the  elements of a software product installed on a system.
SOFTWAREFEATURE          - Management of software product subsets of SoftwareElement.
SOUNDDEV                 - Sound Device management.
STARTUP                  - Management of commands that run automatically when users log onto the computer
                           system.
SYSACCOUNT               - System account management.
SYSDRIVER                - Management of the system driver for a base service.
SYSTEMENCLOSURE          - Physical system enclosure management.
SYSTEMSLOT               - Management of physical connection points including ports,  slots and
                           peripherals, and proprietary connections points.
TAPEDRIVE                - Tape drive management.
TEMPERATURE              - Data management of a temperature sensor (electronic thermometer).
TIMEZONE                 - Time zone data management.
UPS                      - Uninterruptible power supply (UPS) management.
USERACCOUNT              - User account management.
VOLTAGE                  - Voltage sensor (electronic voltmeter) data management.
VOLUME                   - Local storage volume management.
VOLUMEQUOTASETTING       - Associates the disk quota setting with a specific disk volume.
VOLUMEUSERQUOTA          - Per user storage volume quota management.
WMISET                   - WMI service operational parameters management.

For more information on a specific alias, type: alias /?
CLASS     - Escapes to full WMI schema.
PATH      - Escapes to full WMI object paths.
CONTEXT   - Displays the state of all the global switches.
QUIT/EXIT - Exits the program.

For more information on CLASS/PATH/CONTEXT, type: (CLASS | PATH | CONTEXT) /?
Для просмотра контента необходимо: Войти или зарегистрироваться




ПАТЧИ И ОБНОВЛЕНИЯ
Следующим основным пунктом, на который стоит обратить в нимание это патчи безопасности и обновлния системы.

Для просмотра обновления используем WMIC:
Код:
C:\Windows\system32> wmic qfe get Caption,Description,HotFixID,InstalledOn
Caption                                     Description      HotFixID   InstalledOn
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2727528  Security Update  KB2727528  11/23/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2729462  Security Update  KB2729462  11/26/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2736693  Security Update  KB2736693  11/26/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2737084  Security Update  KB2737084  11/23/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2742614  Security Update  KB2742614  11/23/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2742616  Security Update  KB2742616  11/26/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2750149  Update           KB2750149  11/23/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2756872  Update           KB2756872  11/24/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2756923  Security Update  KB2756923  11/26/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2757638  Security Update  KB2757638  11/23/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2758246  Update           KB2758246  11/24/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2761094  Update           KB2761094  11/24/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2764870  Update           KB2764870  11/24/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2768703  Update           KB2768703  11/23/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2769034  Update           KB2769034  11/23/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2769165  Update           KB2769165  11/23/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2769166  Update           KB2769166  11/26/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2770660  Security Update  KB2770660  11/23/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2770917  Update           KB2770917  11/24/2013
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=2771821  Update           KB2771821  11/24/2013
Посмотрев версии установленнх патчей, можно найти недостающие и посмотреть возможные уязвимости на специальных ресурсах.

Дополнение: Руководство по расширению привилегий в Windows
 
Последнее редактирование модератором:
Вверх Снизу